Teen boy driving with his dadOne of the greatest fears for parents is an unexpected accident when their teenage child is behind the wheel. Each year, the days between Memorial Day and Labor Day are the deadliest 100 days for teen drivers and their passengers, according to the American Automobile Association (AAA). To minimize this risk, parents should learn the facts and teach their children how to drive safely.

Eight Tips to Teach Teen Drivers

1. Situational awareness

To keep yourself out of danger, nothing is more effective than being aware of your surroundings.

2. Stay focused

Distractions can result in fatal accidents. Parents should set rules limiting the number of passengers riding with a teenage driver. Using a cell phone, text messaging, changing the radio station or iPod tunes, or applying makeup should never be done while driving.

3. Speed and distance

Obey the speed limit, adjust your vehicle’s speed to match weather conditions, and maintain a proper distance from the vehicle ahead of you.

4. Defensive-driving class

Practice is the best defense against accidents. A third-party instructor often can influence teens more effectively than the limitations of the typical parent–teen dynamic. Instructors are trained to teach teens car-control skills so they can avoid or minimize accidents.

5. Steering position

For optimal control, hands should be placed at the 3 o’clock and 9 o’clock positions on the steering wheel.

6. Tire pressure

Parents should teach their teenage drivers to check the pressure of all four tires once a month. According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 33,000 injuries and 700 deaths occur every year due to underinflated tires.

7. Safety equipment

Prepare the vehicle with the necessary safety equipment and an emergency kit. Cars equipped with stability-control systems, antilock-braking system, and airbags help reduce accidents as well as the severity of injuries if an accident occurs.

8. Parents’ role

Parents can play a significant role in teaching their teenage drivers basic safety. First, they should be a good role model to their children when they are in the driver's seat. Next, they should establish safe-driving rules and enforce them. They also should enroll young drivers in defensive-driving courses. Finally, parents should explain the responsibilities and dangers of handling a 3,000-plus-pound vehicle.

Sarah Robinson, an engineer and Michelin test-track driver, teaches teens safe-driving skills. She also offers parents tips on maintaining a safe vehicle and how to effectively teach their young drivers about driving safety.